Firstly We should know if you have an Italian ascendant?! MAIN FACT. If you have, you HAVE the right to citizenship by blood (“Iure Sanguinis”).
Second step is to know if there is a woman in the genealogical line up to you (applicant). If there is a woman, we need to be very attentive to her child’s year of birth, which will determine whether your case will be via maternal (judicial) or administrative. If there is not any women up to the applicant, this process is certainly administrative, provided that the documentation is complete and in accordance with the Italian law in force.
Third step is to collect all the data and certificates of your ancestors (of all persons involved in the family tree). We need all the certificates in full content with the recognized signature of ALL THE INVOLVED (from the applicant to the ancestor born in Italy). Birth, marriage, divorce and death certificates. Each case will be analyzed individually.
Finally we need to issue a CNN (Negative Naturalization Certificate) and its authentication, document issued online, which proves that the ancestor born in Italy did not renounce Italian citizenship.
Fourth step. With all the documentation in hand, the sworn translation of each of the documents must be done (translator must recognize signature). Remembering that original must contain the stamp of the sworn translator.
Fifth step. Being all set, the legalization must be done in a notary in Brazil (Hague Apostille). And after this, you will have all the documentation ready to apply for your Italian citizenship recognition process.
Sixth step. To decide if you will apply for recognition in Brazil through the consulate or if you will do it directly in Italy.
Deciding where you want to do the process will look like this:
BRAZIL – you must enroll in the consulate, wait to be called to deliver the documents and wait for the process to complete.
ITALY – come to live in Italy and immediately deliver the documents to the competent Italian public agencies. There, you will take all the necessary steps to enter with the request and will have to wait for the conclusion of the process.
Through Brazil there is a waiting list in São Paulo, for instance, from 12 to 15 years, just to deliver the documents, then you have to wait for the process to finish. Through Italy, an administrative proceeding has a delay of about six months or a judicial process (maternal or paternal) of at least eight months, which may be more or less around one year and six months to finalize.